The True Message of the Ark

Ross Patterson

Covenant Keepers has worked closely with Ross Patterson from New Zealand over the last 15 years. Ross has worked extensively on Noah's Ark and dived several times in the Red Sea.

Ross has conducted independent laborartory tests on the ash and sulphur at Gomorrah and produced various videos and articles on the Discoveries of Ron Wyatt, and has been very busily engaged in speaking appointments around the world for several years now. If you would like to invite Ross to speak publicly on these Discoveries, please contact him at

His website can be found at Below are some of his videos and an abbreviated article from 1999 where Ross offers some answers to various criticisims of the Discoveries. Like Ron Wyatt and myself, Ross Patterson is a Seventh-day Adventist and so borrows largely from the writings of Ellen G. White in the following article.

ANSWERING A CRITIC by Ross Patterson. (1999)

1. No One Has Seen Christ in Person Since His Ascension.

This particular critic states, "...there is no record of any person in apostolic times having seen Christ IN PERSON after His ascension. Paul and his companions heard His voice but Scripture specifically attests that they saw no man:" Further down the page it reiterates "...none have seen Christ in person since His ascension." Yet what do the Scriptures really say? Did Jesus appear to Paul on the road to Damascus? Did Jesus visit John on Patmos personally?

(i) Jesus met Paul face to face.

The critic claims Paul didn't see Jesus, but in I Corinthians 15:4-7 Paul lists the people who had seen Jesus in the flesh after the resurrection. Then in verse 8 Paul states that "last of all he was seen of me also", and includes himself among those who saw Jesus. Obviously Paul was teaching that he had seen Christ with his own eyes. Some may wonder whether Paul was merely seeing a vision of Jesus on the road to Damascus, but the following statement distinguishes between the Damscus Road experience of Paul, and later occasions when he was given visions and revelations. Speakings of the time when Paul met Peter:

"Here the two grand characters of the new faith met--Peter, one of the chosen companions of Christ while he was upon earth, and Paul, a Pharisee, who, since the ascension of Jesus, had met him face to face, and had talked with him, and had also seen him in vision, and the nature of his work in Heaven."{3SP 321.1}. Notice that Ellen White categorically states that Paul "...SINCE THE ASCENSION OF JESUS, HAD MET HIM FACE TO FACE". By contrast this critic teaches that nobody "...has seen Christ in person since His ascension."

(ii) Jesus visited John on Patmos

Regarding John's encounter with Jesus on the isle of Patmos, the critic quotes the biblical account of this event, and then tells us that "...none have seen Christ IN PERSON since His ascension." Yet again this directly contradicts inspiration, which plainly tells us that:

"This message Christ came IN PERSON to the Isle of Patmos to present to John."{MM 37.4}

"...angels and even CHRIST HIMSELF CAME to make known to Daniel and John the things that must shortly come to pass."{GC 521.3}

And if we should be in any doubt that Jesus came bodily to Patmos, consider this statement:

"In the days of the early Christians, Christ came the second time. His first advent was at Bethlehem, when He came as an infant. His second advent was at the Isle of Patmos, when He revealed Himself in glory to John the Revelator, who "fell at His feet as dead" when he saw Him."{19MR 40.4}

2. Ron Wyatt's Ark Illustration Contradicts Scripture

It is claimed that:

(i) The Bible places the cherubims ON the mercy seat

(ii) Both wings of the Biblical cherubims stretch forth on high

Based on these claims, the critic states "...we are compelled to reject Ron Wyatt's Ark... If Ron Wyatt has seen an ark as he has described, then it was a bogus imitation of the genuine."

Let's examine both these points in the light of Inspiration.

(i) ON the Mercy Seat?

There are two words translated "ON" in Exodus 25:19 and Exodus 37:8. The first word is "MIN", which usually means "from" or "out of". Indeed the marginal reading for Exodus 37:8 uses "out of", and reads as follows, "One cherub OUT OF THE END on this side, and another cherub OUT OF THE END on that side: out of the mercy seat made he the cherubims on the two ends thereof."Thus the Bible depicts the chrubims as coming out from the ends of the mercy seat.

The other word translated "ON" in Exodus 25:19 is "AL", which generally means "connected to". However, like the english word "on", its meaning varies according to context, and is not used with the precision that the critic suggests. As in English, the word ON cannot always mean "on top of", for example, we speak of wheels ON a car, we speak of putting ON our shoes, yet we have no trouble understanding that these descriptions do not mean "on top of". Likewise in the Hebrew. To illustrate this, consider other biblical examples of the use of the word "AL", where it cannot be taken to mean "on top of":

"And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle with a sword fastened upon ("AL") his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out."2Samuel 20:8.

"...every man hath his sword upon ("AL") his thigh because of fear in the night."Song of Solomon 3:8.

"And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on ("AL") the two side posts and on ("AL") the upper door post of the houses..."Exodus 12:7.

When we think of someone putting "ON" a sword, or putting blood "ON" a doorpost, we have no trouble understanding that this really means on the side. Another example illustrating this is where the Bible speaks of the veil before the Ark. No one would argue that the veil was "ON" the Ark, for we know the ark stood beside the veil, not below it:

"In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is BEFORE ("AL") the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD:"Exodus 27:21.

The word translated BEFORE is the same word "AL" again. There are more examples, but these are suffice to show that "AL" can equally mean "beside", hence the Hebrew language comfortably allows the cherubims to be "beside" the mercy seat. In fact, this is exactly what the Spirit of Prophecy tells us anyway, which settles the matter. The following statement explains that the earthly ark was patterned on the heavenly, and there the angels stand BESIDE the heavenly ark, not on top of it:

"The ark of the earthly sanctuary was the pattern of the true ark in heaven. There, BESIDE the heavenly ark, stand living angels..."{SR 153.3}.

(ii) Both Wings Raised On High?

It is claimed that "...both wings of the biblical cherubims stretch forth on high", that Ron was "impelled to design the ark" as his illustration shows, and that it was a bogus imitation. Are these assertions correct? What does the word of God tell us about the wings of the cherubims?

The Bible gives us the clue as to how the wings of the angels would be positioned. Above the throne of God are six-winged seraphims. Notice how they position their wings near the throne. The biblical examples of angels around the throne of God reveals that they use them to cover themselves:

"Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly."(Isaiah 6:2).

Another example is from Ezekiel, when he was also shown the throne room of God. There he saw creatures with four wings, and recorded how they positioned their wings in the presence of God:

"...their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies."(Ezekiel 1:11).

From 1st Kings 8:7 we learn that the each cherubim on the Ark of the Covenant had two wings. How were these wings positioned? The Word of God is clear:

"One wing of each angel was stretched forth on high, while the other was folded over the body (see Ezekiel 1:11) in token of reverence and humility."(PP 348.3 - bracketed comment in original)

"On each end of the mercy-seat was fixed a cherub of pure, solid gold... These cherubs had wings. One wing of each angel was stretched forth on high, while the other wing of each angel covered their forms."{1SP 272.1}

The Spirit of Prophecy clears up both questions, when we read in Inspiration:

"The ark of the earthly sanctuary was the pattern of the true ark in heaven. There, BESIDE the heavenly ark, STAND living angels, at either end of the ark, each with one wing overshadowing the mercy seat, and stretching forth on high, while the other wings are folded over their forms in token of reverence and humility."{SR 153-154}.

It makes sense that the cherubims would not be standing ON the mercy seat, for this hardly shows reverence, hence they are beside the ark, not on top. This is precisely what Ron Wyatt's illustration depicts. If Ron Wyatt had dreamed up his illustration to fool people, it would be expected that his illustration would conform to popular conceptions of the ark, like the one pictured on the cover of "Holy Relics or Revelation" [authored by the critics in question]. If however you take the time to study the subject more deeply, you can see that the popular illustrations cannot be correct. Ron's illustration is in perfect harmony with the description God has given us in the Spirit of Prophecy.

3. Blood Mixed With Water Not Used in Any Ceremony?

The criticism is put, "It is proper for us to ask, When, in the type, was blood mixed with water used in any ceremony?"

The answer is in Hebrews, where Paul refers to Exodus 24:6-8 (the ratifying of the old Covenant):

"Moses... took the blood of calves and of goats, with WATER"Hebrews 9:19.

There it is - blood with water - used in the ceremony ratifying the old covenant. The authors should be fully aware of this point, for it was spelled out in a newsletter distributed in April last year with the Anchor, and Remnant Ministries has copies in their files. Aaron Sen has spoken at length by phone with the critic, sharing these same points, but again with no response.

The strongest evidence that can ever be given for any doctrine or position is biblical evidence. For example, Adventists know that in 1844, Christ moved from the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary into the Most Holy Place. The evidence for this event is found solely in Scripture. There are no photographs of this event, no newsppaer reports detailing what happened, no human eye-witnesses on hand that can testify of this. Yet it is an event founded on a rock-solid basis. We know it happened. The early Adventists, as they began to understand these things, found in the Bible an explanation of the great disappointment.

Virtually every other denomination is unaware of this event, and the beginning of the Investigative Judgement in heaven was only fully understood by Adventists after studying through the types and shadows relating to this, and seeing how the pieces of biblical evidence came together. Those who do not study into this wonderful truth objectively, carefully comparing scripture with scripture, never see it, and Daniel 8:14 remains misunderstood.

Likewise, working through the meaning of Hebrews 9:19 leads to an explanation of the Ark of the Covenant discovery. If we study the meaning of the ceremony referred to in Hebrews 9:19, where both blood and water were used in ratifying the Old Covenant, and if we look into the obvious fulfillment in the New Testament (i.e. the events surrounding the crucifixion and the ratification of the New Covenant), then the circumstances surrounding the discovery of the ark, as described by Ron Waytt, makes perfect sense.

Contrary to what this critic may imply, this discovery in no way challenges Jesus' ministry in the heavenly sanctaury, but perfectly complements Jesus' work there, and will serve as a powerful witness to that fact here on earth. To date no reasonable alternative explanation of the fulfillment of Exodus 24 has been forthcoming [and this is still the case as of Nov 2013].


We serve a merciful and longsuffering God, but remember God Himself reminds us that He "...will by no means clear the guilty" (Exo 34:7). Misrepresentations have been made and false witness has been borne regarding these outreach tools and the people involved with them. Whether or not one chooses to believe the evidence is entirely up to the individual. No one is compelled to accept anything against their will, but to use false arguments against these discoveries, or to repeat unfounded lies in order to diminish their influence, is a work that is inspired of Satan, not the Spirit of God.

I pray that you will be able to see beyond prejudices, and look carefully and objectively at the solid evidences for these discoveries. If not, then I pray that you will not work against outreach efforts, and will follow the counsel inspired by the Holy Spirit in Acts 5:38-39, rather than the example in Acts 14:2.

VIDEOS by Ross Patterson

Road To Sinai - Part 1: The Crossing Site.

The Physical Ashen Remains of Sodom and Gomorrah

The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem

Interview With David Gates


Noah's Ark

Sodom Gomorrah and Hell

Red Sea Crossing

The Garden Tomb


Wyatt Museum Artifacts

Sodom and Gomorrah

The Ark of the Covenant

noahs ark
sodom & gomorrah
red sea crossing
mt. sinai
Ross Patterson
For Seventh-day Adventists